Osteoporosis Prevention and Treatment

Women who are postmenopausal are at risk for osteoporosis. This is especially common in women with a family history of low bone mass (osteopenia) or osteoporosis. In the first five years after menopause, women lose 2-5% of their peak bone mass per year. Postmenopausal women benefit from screening for osteoporosis with DEXA scanning (bone density testing). Younger women with risk factors for osteoporosis, such as a family history, treatment with certain medications (such as steroids) or history of an eating disorder are also screened. We spend time counseling patients with low bone mass about prevention of osteoporosis with exercise, nutrition, and supplements. If osteoporosis is diagnosed, we discuss all treatment options with our patients, whether this is with hormone therapy, bisphosphonate therapy, or alternative treatment.